American Eskimo Dog

Popularity
118

Breed Information

Eskimo Spitz
American Spitz
German Spitz
Eskie

United States

Non-Sporting

Small to Medium

Dog

12-14 years

15 - 19 inches (38 - 48 cm)

20-35 pounds (9-16kg)

White
White & Biscuit

Overview

The Eskie is built along classic Nordic lines, a form that has proved effective at pulling heavy loads through snow and ice. It is compactly built, slightly longer than tall. The stand-off, double coat resists soaking and provides insulation against the cold. The small thick ears are also cold-resistant. The breed's smaller size has moved it from the realm of sled dog, but it remains a sled dog in miniature. Its trot is agile and bold. The expression is keen and alert.

The American Eskimo is bright, eager to please, lively and fun-loving - in short, an enjoyable and generally obedient companion. True to its spitz heritage, it is independent and tenacious and loves to run, especially in cold weather. But it is among the most biddable of spitz breeds, and it is calm and well-mannered inside. It is good with children, other dogs, and pets and is generally outgoing to everyone.

History

The American Eskimo Dog (affectionately called 'Eskie' or by the German name 'spitz') actually descends from several German breeds such as the Pomeranian and Keeshond. It is not a close relative of the Alaskan Husky. The American Eskimo Dog was brought to America by German settlers in the early 20th century and became a popular circus performer. One Eskie named 'Stout's Pal Pierre' became famous by walking the tightrope. Circuses popularized the breed by selling Eskie puppies after the show. The American Eskimo Dog was finally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1994.

Breed Characteristics

Adaptability
Apartment Friendly
Barking Tendencies
Frequent
Cat Friendly
Child Friendly
Good with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.
Dog Friendly
Exercise Needs
Grooming
Moderate Maintenance: Grooming should be performed regularly to keep its fur in good shape. Occasional trimming or stripping needed.
Health Issues
Prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Pay close attention to the eyes and tear ducts. Some are allergic to fleas. This breed can gain weight easily if it does not get enough exercise and/or is overfed. Hypoallergenic: No
Intelligence
Ranking: 80+
Playfulness
Shedding Level
Constant Shedding: Expect this dog to shed frequently. Be prepared to vacuum often. Brushing will reduce shedding as well as make the coat softer and cleaner.
Stranger Friendly
Trainability
Difficult Training: Training will be difficult, which might not be suitable for a first time dog owner. Patience and perseverance are required to adequately train it. Professional obedience schools can also be helpful.
Watchdog Ability